Our eye exam appointments are scheduled to allow enough time for a general initial assessment (about 30 minutes). Further assessments may require allocating more time or scheduling a second exam.

It is best to have no eye make up (or very minimal makeup) to allow for a clearer view of your eyelids, lashes and anterior eye surface. 

Routine initial exams include vision assessments, spectacle prescription checks, binocular vision testing and general ocular health reviews.  

Detailed full-colour digital photos. Aids in detecting retinal anomalies and eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and macular degeneration. 

Anterior segment photos aids in the documentation and monitoring of diseases of the lids, conjunctiva, iris, cornea and lens. 

OCT measures the reflection of light waves and constructs cross-sectional views of retinal layers and optic nerve structures in the eye. This "in-depth" 3D scan helps us provide the best care by aiding in the early detection and diagnosis of retinal problems.

OCT is particularly useful for examination of macular degeneration and glaucoma. 

For detection of vision loss from various eye disorders as well as optic nerve pathway disease in the brain. 

Tropicamide eye drops are instilled. After 20 - 40 mins, pupils are dilated and retinal examinations are carried out. You should bring your sunglasses with you to protect your eyes when you leave the office. Pupils may remain dilated for 4-8 hours. You should not drive.  

Cycloplegic Eye Exams

Tropicamide or Cyclopentolate eye drops are instilled. After 30 - 40 mins, the refractive error of the eyes can be reassessed. Pupils are also dilated, allowing for wider view retinal exams. You should bring your sunglasses with you to protect your eyes when you leave the office. Pupils may remain dilated for 4 to 24 hours. You should not drive.  

Comprehensive eye exams are required to accurately diagnose and prescribe appropriate treatment plans for dry eyes. Follow up visits are arranged to review the recovery of ocular surface integrity and treatment progress. 

Fluorescein Dye Test

The tear film is highlighted with this dark orange dye for a comprehensive assessment. Dry patches on the eye surface or abrasions are more visible using the dye. There is nothing to prepare for this test. It is very rare to have allergic reactions to this ocular surface dye. The test takes a couple of minutes.  

Lacrimal Lavage

For the persistent watering eyes, a tear duct drainage test may be performed. The punctum may be dilated before the procedure with a punctum dilator. A small lacrimal cannula is inserted into the punctum and vertical canaliculus, then the attached syringe is used to pass saline to irrigate the lacrimal duct. It is a relatively simple test taking about 10-15 minutes. Several drops of topical anaesthetic is used prior to the procedure. Small mucus plugs in the tear duct can be washed away with the saline syringing. Further obstructions needing specialist review may be diagnosed using this test. 

The build up of matter along the eyelids and lashes can harbour bacteria and other organisms causing blepharitis, that is inflammation of the eyelids.  BlephEx is a microsponge tool used to remove scurf and debris from eyelids. The gentle cleansing procedure takes about 10-20 minutes. 

Find out more > BlephEx Healthy Lids For Life

Assessing anterior chamber angles. Topical preservative-free anaesthetic is instilled on the eyes. A gonioprism is placed on the eye surface to view anterior chamber structures. 

Eye Pressure

Intraocular pressure testing is part of a routine eye exam. Raised eye pressures is a risk factor for glaucoma. In some cases, we do eye pressure phasing to assess pressures at different times of the day.

Proper fitting and aftercare checks ensure optimal contact lens wearer vision, comfort and eye health. New wearers require proper teaching of lens handling to ensure they are comfortable and confident with their lens use.

For continued successful lens wear, current contact lens patients should have regular eye checks. It's a good chance to discuss any new products and ensure there are no eye health issues from current lens wear. For this reason, contact lens prescriptions are normally valid for 12 months. 

We do screening tests with Ishihara test plates as part of an initial eye exam.

Patients with new colour vision problems should seek prompt eye health testing. New-onset deficiencies may be due to eye disease or neuropathology. 

Congenital Colour Vision Grading

We refer to the UNSW School of Optometry Colour Vision Clinic.
Phone: 02 9385 4624

The clinic is equipped to conduct more tests for congenital deficiencies. With test results they can offer more detailed lifestyle and occupational advice.

For complex binocular vision disorders, we refer to our Behavioural Optometrist colleagues who can offer more detailed vision training programs. 

Our local Behavioural Optometrists

Dr Roland Mak
Eyecare Plus Corrimal, 2/104 Railway Street, Corrimal 2518
Phone: (02) 4284 0604 

Dr Susan Bilton
Optical Solutions, 193 Princes Hwy, Unanderra 2526
Phone: (02) 4272 9123

Dr Malinda Halley
Malinda Halley Optometrist, Suite 7, 47-51 Baan Baan Street, Dapto 2530
Ph (02) 4261 8855