Glaucoma is the name given to a group of eye diseases where the optic nerve cells in the eye are slowly destroyed. As these nerve cells transmit information from the eye to the brain, with loss of nerve cells, there is irreversible loss of vision. 

Eye pressure related disease
In most people the damage is due to an increased pressure inside the eye. In other patients the optic nerve cells may be damaged by poor blood supply, weak nerve structures, and/or a problem in the health of the nerve fibres themselves.

Example of clinical findings
See below this example of OCT analysis shows a typical glaucomatous wedge section of retinal nerve fibre layer loss in each eye. Early detection and management is crucial for these patients to maintain eye health and eye sight.  

The main first line treatment is to reduce eye pressure by either daily use of eye medicated drops or by applying a special laser treatment to the drainage tissue inside the eyes called Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty. There are many types of glaucoma, so treatment can also be very different in certain cases. 

Life Long Monitoring
Glaucoma patients require life long regular reviews to ensure their treatment is adequate and their eye health is stable. 

Get the family checked
Glaucoma is often an inherited (genetic) disease that is passed on within families. If you have glaucoma or a family history of glaucoma, make sure everyone in the family gets their eyes checked. 

For more information > Glaucoma Australia Saving Sight